Pinehurst Imaging
Types of Cancer

Eighty to 90 percent of all cancer cases are accounted for by carcinomas, solid tumors that arise from the glandular and epithelial cells that line the body’s tissues.

Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer, the most common carcinomas in men are:

  • Prostate cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Colon cancer

In women, the most common carcinomas are:

  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Colon cancer

The medical oncologists at Pinehurst Medical Clinic treat patients with these and other types of carcinoma as well as other malignancies, including the following:

Hodgkin’s disease (Hodgkin’s lymphoma)

A rare form of cancer that starts in the lymph nodes or other parts of the lymphatic system such as the bone marrow or spleen. Hodgkin’s disease tends to spread from one group of lymph nodes to the next, but eventually it can spread to almost any part of the body. Hodgkin’s disease can be differentiated from non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma by the type of cancer cells that are formed.

Leukemia

Cancer of the blood cells (usually the white blood cells). There are four main types of leukemia, depending on the type of white blood cell that is affected and whether the disease is acute or chronic. In acute leukemia, new white blood cells called blasts fail to mature and cannot perform their functions. These blasts increase in number very rapidly and the diseases progresses quickly. In chronic leukemia, cells are more mature and can perform some of their functions. Because these cells grow more slowly and multiply less rapidly, the disease progresses gradually.

Lymphoma (non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma)

A type of cancer that starts in a lymph node or other tissue of the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s immune system. The abnormal cells produced in lymphoma can spread through the lymphatic system to other parts of the body. There are about 30 different kinds of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Multiple myeloma

A type of cancer formed by malignant plasma cells. Plasma cells live in the bone marrow, the soft inner part of bones, where they produce and release antibodies that help kill disease-causing germs. Multiple myeloma occurs when plasma cells grow out of control and produce tumors throughout the bone marrow.